Top 5 Problems Cadillac CTS Sedan 1st Generation 2003-07

In this video, we're going to be going over
the top five problems on this first-generation Cadillac CTS. There's nothing wrong with this car. There's nothing wrong with owning one or buying
one. We're just going over the top five problems. Every vehicle has their issues. Number one, EVAP purge solenoid. Now, a lot of times, whenever you get an EVAP
code in your car with the check engine light, you always want to check the gas cap. Check that first. But then most of the time, under this cover. Just grab it, pull it up. The EVAP purge solenoid is located right here,
and that's going to put the vacuum on the EVAP system to make it work. These will get stuck closed or stuck open,
or electronically they won't work anymore, so replace that, clear the code, and you'll
be good to go. When you do check the gas cap, this is what
you're looking for. Just grab it. Just make sure it's not loose. If it's just sat in there, then that's going
to give you a code.

Loosen it up. Just check the seal here. See if there's any cracking. If you look real close there, there is a little
bit of cracking starting, so this gas cap is going to need to be replaced soon. And then check the ratchet. Make sure it feels tight. That's good. Number two, no start issues. First, let's talk about a no crank no start,
which means when you go to turn the key, you don't hear anything. You don't hear a click.

You don't hear the engine turning like it's
trying to start. Now, you always want to check the basics first. You want to make sure the battery is good,
the connections. Test the starter and check the fuses. Make sure those are all good. You hook up a scan tool and you try to communicate
with the PCM or ECM, you have no communication. Normally, that means the PCM internally is
bad, but you definitely want to check the connections at the PCM. Check to make sure you have power and ground
there. If that's the case, it needs a PCM. Another no start condition is a cranking no
start. So, you go to start the car and the vehicle
is actually turning over and it never kicks. It never starts. What you can do is check it with a scan tool. You need to be on the screen where you can
read the RPMs while you're cranking the vehicle.

The RPM stay at zero, chances are it's the
crank sensor. So, underneath the vehicle on the backside
of the motor, you can see the crank sensor is located right there. Another symptom is when you're driving around
and the vehicle suddenly stalls after it's been warmed up a while and you go to start
it, it won't start, just cranks, and cranks, and cranks. If you let the vehicle cool down and then
you go to start it and it starts up, it could be the crank sensor.

And one more thing. If you're cranking it and it sounds a little
funny, there could be something wrong with the timing chains or timing belt. So, that brings us to number three, timing
belts and timing chains. Now, Cadillac, when they designed this CTS,
they had many different engines. Based on what engine you have, you may have
a timing belt or a timing chain. The belts, if they go too long and you don't
change them, they're going to break.

pexels photo 5877455

If you have the chains, they could stretch
and cause other issues. So, this engine happens to be the 2.8-liter
V6, and this engine has timing chains, not timing belt. If you have the belts, you should have an
external cover that's on the front. It won't be attached to the valve cover like
this one. What the timing belt and the timing chains
do is connect the crankshaft to the camshafts. The crankshaft is located down below and that's
what's connected to the pistons and the camshafts are located up top. So, when those break or stretch and the engine
is not synchronized, you're going to have issues. Number four, engine misfires. So, your engine is running rough. Your check engine light is flashing. You have a P300. What does that mean? One of your cylinders is misfiring or multiple
cylinders are misfiring. Now, the first thing you want to do before
you check anything else is check the oil level.

A lot of the times these engines will burn
a little bit of oil and people neglect to check it. And when the engine oil gets down, there's
a lot of components internal of the engine that aren't able to work properly, like the
time and chain tensioners, the camshaft, solenoids, the lifters. So, when the oil level is down to the base
of the hash marks, that normally means you need about a quart of oil to bring it back
up to par. Now, if you find it way down here or not even
on the stick, you could be two or three quarts low. Make sure you top it off. It'd always be a good idea to just change
the oil. Get fresh oil, and just monitor it. Now, there is always other things that could
go wrong with it. You could have coils that are bad or spark
plugs, but very common, check the oil level. Number five, the coolant thermostat. Now, the first thing you may notice is the
check engine light is on, you go to scan it and you have a P0128, which is coolant thermostat
below threshold.

So, the PCM is monitoring the engine coolant
temperature and it wants to see it at a certain level close to 210 degrees. And if the thermostat gets stuck open a little
bit, and it's only getting up to 175 degrees, that's going to give you a check engine light. Unfortunately, if you have the V6 engine,
the location of the thermostat is on the backside. It's pretty difficult to get to.

Now, you can take the battery out, and the
battery tray, and part of the cowl and access it. That'll make it a little bit easier, but still
not that easy. You can see on this scope, on this borescope,
that's where it is. It's located right there. There's the housing. Now, you have to replace the housing with
the thermostat. Now, if you had the V8 engine, the LS2 engine,
your thermostat is going to be located right on the front. So, those are the top five problems that we
have found with this vehicle.

If you've had any of those problems or other
problems with these vehicles, leave us a comment below. If you enjoyed this video, make sure you subscribe
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